Puella Magi Madoka Magica: Who’s the ‘bad guy’? (Or why there isn’t one)

If I were to ask you which character in Madoka was the ‘bad guy’ I wouldn’t expect to get many different answers, in fact I pretty much expect to get two:

  • Kyubey


  • Walpurgisnacht

Both I think would be answers that miss the actual point of the series, but these are the answers I would assume I’d get. Walpurgisnacht is one that’s pretty easy to counter, if it’s villainous so are the entirety of the main cast by virtue they will become like it when they die. It’s actions are not conscious so it can’t be considered evil in the same way a natural disaster could, it just….IS.

And that’s the thing about the entire Madoka series, it just is, ultimately Madoka has NO VILLAINS OR HEROS and to suggest that it does really misses the point of the series: That human ideals are just that, human. There is no ultimately right or wrong thing when it comes to the universe. Also, things don’t change, any action you take will eventually become moot so that action in itself is somewhat pointless.

To explain what I mean by this I would like to go over each character and explain why their actions, whether intended to be good or not, ultimately achieve nothing

Kyoko Sakura


Kyoko is my favorite character in the Madoka series. Why? Well her design does of course help but I think Kyoko embodies the series like none of the other main cast does. Youtuber Digibro  says in his video on the series that Kyoko doesn’t really add much to the series. I would say that’s incorrect. Kyoko is the series. Her character arc gets across its point perfectly, the illogical nature of human emotion and how in the end those actions one takes are ultimately pointless. Take a look:

  • Out of love for her Father she becomes a magical girl, at first it’s great for them but then it ends up killing her entire family
  • Between then and the series by ignoring that emotional side of hers she enjoys the most stable time in her life
  • During the series she is unable to deny the human (emotional) part of her and dies trying to save Sayaka

In a nice three act structure, Kyoko’s arc both shows how destructive positive actions can be and how none of her actions ultimately made a difference.

Sayaka Miki


None of Sayaka’s actions can be considered heroic. Feel free to argue with me but her wish to make ‘s arm heal ultimately came from her desire to be with him not to simply see him get better, in fact Kyoko calls her out on her bullshit in a great scene midway through the show.

Her wish ultimately changes nothing, all the pain Kyosuke harbored was just pushed onto her. That idea of entropy again. She was never going to be with Kyosuke, and nothing was going to change that. In the end Kyoko and Sakura come together to help each other achieve nothing.

Mami Tomoe


Again, what does Mami achieve? Nothing. And again her desire to have Sayaka and Madoka to fight alongside her is innately selfish, she herself cannot alleviate her pain, only share or pass it on to others.

Like Kyoko, she lives and then she dies all without ever doing much. It’s also worth noting that she is presented as the ‘ideal’ magical girl and is the one with the least emotion, and when she starts to show great deals of it she almost instantly gets punished for that.

Homura Akemi


(There will be spoilers for rebellion from here on out)

Homura is an interesting case in that the intentions of her actions can be considered either heroic or selfish, being that she either wants Madoka to survive or isn’t prepared to live in a world without her (it’s the latter), either way it matters not because her actions ultimately do nothing, in fact even in the short term she only makes Madoka’s power as a witch grow greater every time she tries to save her and ultimately it’s Madoka herself that “saves” everyone.

So from here you might think that Homura’s actions did change something (Madoka’s fate, albeit indirectly) and ultimately she’s a hero. She’s not but dealing with why is easier explained through Madoka.

Madoka Kaname


Madoka is obviously NOT the series antagonist…..right? She’s the only one of the characters who seems to have actual selfless motives behind her actions (or really action, singular).

Talking about her or Homura as a singular entity is difficult as their characters are so heavily linked that explaining one without the other is pointless.

At the end of the series Madoka and Homura seem to have truly changed things, getting rid of witches and (seemingly) taking pain away from her friends and the human race.

There are two different things to point out about this though:

  1. In a strictly logical sense Madoka has caused a greater damage to the universe as a whole than she has fixed. Kyubey makes the point that just one Witch generates enough power for a countless number of sentient beings to thrive, and in the series epilogue and movie it’s discovered that the “new” Wraith system provides less energy to counter entropy. She actually shortens the universes lifespan.
  2. It’s also shown that she doesn’t really change anything at all. When Homura is removed from Madoka’s sphere of influence her soul gem does turn into a witches labyrinth, Madoka’s fix is a half-measure, she is still going to become a witch (one now of immeasurable size) if the universe doesn’t succumb to entropy first.

Madoka is again, only taking on the pain of those she “saves” she is not extinguishing it, she actually says so herself,  so in terms of net impact on the series’ universe she by far damages it the most.

(Now this is an educated guess on what the next Madoka project might entail, but the way that Rebellion  takes the happy enough ending of the series and plunges it into despair, just like Kyoko, Sayaka and Mami where a powerful wish’s initially good outcome becomes bad due to the wish itself, in all of these the maker of said wish ends up dead due in part to it’s outcome, with the status quo largely staying intact, the next Madoka project will return the series to a state incredibly similar to the one we saw in episode one, nothing changes after all)


“Fuck you”

Kyubey is the closest thing to a hero in the Madoka franchise from an objective standpoint. It is doing a job which greatly benefits life as a whole, not just one subsection of it.

Being an emotionless being it offers a lot of commentary on the series’s idea of the illogical nature of humans, it’s talk with Madoka when it shows her just how deep hypocrisy runs in our veins and  asks of her what is one life compared to thousands only prompts a “you wouldn’t understand” response from Madoka.

Why would it? Objectively he’s right, this truly is for the greater good of the universe, and it itself says that the deal is more than fair and no one was forced to take it. Kyubey exposes just how useless human emotion is from an objective standpoint, it is capable of causing us to do things that are detrimental to ourselves and society.

So without the shackles of emotion, do any of its actions ultimately change anything? Of course not. It’s aware of this. In one of the many timelines we are shown Kyubey tells Homura that Madoka’s witch will provide them with a lot of power, but not that it will actually SOLVE the problem of entropy. Eventually when there are no more humans entropy’s grasp on the universe will cause it’s demise and there’s nothing anyone, Kyubey or otherwise, can do other than prolong the inevitable.

The only villain here is life itself: emotions are illogical and painful,  nothing matters, we’re all going to die and there’s nothing you can do about it.

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  1. It’s an intriguing way to view the series and I must admit I’d never even considered who the antagonist was because to me it seemed the show didn’t need any external villain as the story really about the choice the girls made and the consequences of those choices. Thanks for sharing an interesting post.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Yes, I in fact only viewed it this way on my 2nd re watch of the series, it re contextualizes all of the characters and I found it quite interesting (regardless of whether or not it was he shows ultimate intention I still find it fun to interpret)

      And of course that’s all I want my writing to be, interesting so thank you very much!

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Ok, but there is kind of a flaw here: throughout most series the villain is often the cause of the problem and I believe you’ve explained that thoroughly. However, when you place characters in roles you are forced to put in a physical entity or I guess an abstract but sentient entity but you get my point. Saying that that “life is the villain” is more so just an interpretation or view as to how you see the series yourself. Which is generally true.
    Everyone goes through life experiencing hardships, no exception and I really feel this series was meant to convey the message that your decisions ultimately have consequences.But in writing, this is impossible. Because then every story would have the same antagonist: Life.
    And I say antagonist because a villain(s) isn’t necessarily the antagonist, what you think is a villain can often be perceived as subjective. Some just think the villain is someone who just causes harm for the sake of his own ideals and some think it’s just someone who’s purposely being an obstacle for the protagonist. But an antagonist is someone who’s objectively causing trouble or creating obstacles for the protagonist to face. And that’s what I feel you gloss over a little bit, your giving off this notion that Madoka Magica doesn’t have an antagonist but an antagonist is.. Generally always there and it’s always some sentient being even if it’s a being that doesn’t appear in the story. Other than that, nice work!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I mean not to present the argument that there is no antagonist but merely no objective villain, since our protagonist is presented as Madoka our antagonist is Kyubey but seeing as his actions aren’t villainous I found on a re watch that if you watch it with that in mind you come to a much more complex resolution about who’s right and wrong.

      I merely meant for it to be an interesting take on the show and perhaps I didn’t explain that thoroughly enough (got a little bit of flak on the Madoka reddit for this article in fact).

      And thanks for the comment, when people go out of their way to read and respond to my work it makes it feel worth the time!

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Well, what I meant was just that you make it a little unclear as some automatically group “antagonist” and “villain” together and that could cause some confusion.


  3. Hmm, interesting. I like the idea of what you mean here but not sure if I’m totally convinced. It seems to me that you are wanting to imply that human nature is the true antagonist and villain of the anime, which I would agree with, but other times you say what the OP states above, “an antagonist is…” and don’t really give me a concrete answer.

    If anything it sparks an interesting conversation, which is always good 🙂 I’ve tapped out on articles from ya that are on topics familiar to me so I’ll eagerly await what you come up with next!

    Liked by 1 person

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